“Four angels now on high
They are hand in hand together
Four are linked now to bind us to them
Four fingers beckon us to come”

June 6, 1903.  The most catastrophic flood in recorded South Carolina history roared down the Pacolet River, destroying homes and mills, –the raging waters dragging dozens of men, women, and children downstream to their deaths.

Texanna Fowler was born in Union County, South Carolina in 1860.  Her father was William Earle Fowler, son of Mark Fowler, son of John Fowler the Elder and Fannie.

Texanna’s mother was Martha O’Neal, daughter of Nancy and her husband Barney O’Neal, immigrant from Ireland and, if one can believe what has been written about old Barney O’Neal, quite a character.

Martha O’Neal Fowler was dead by July 2, 1860 — the day census-taker T.J.Harris visited the household to count the family members within.  One month old and motherless, Texanna Fowler was surrounded by family — father William Earle Fowler, grandmother Nancy O’Neal, brother Belton Fowler, sisters Mary and Nancy Fowler, and aunt Elizabeth O’Neal.

Her grandfather Mark Fowler lived next door with his second wife, Mary Ann O’Neal (also a daughter of  Barney O’Neal), and their children.

texanna 1860.png
1860 Union County SC Census
  • Nancy O’Neal 80 (widow of Barney O’Neal; mother of Elizabeth, Mary & Martha)
  • Earl Fowler 26 (son of Mark Fowler & Nancy)
  • Elizabeth (O’Neal) 24 (daughter of Barney O’Neal & Nancy)
  • Belton Fowler 6 (son of William Earl Fowler & Martha O’Neal)
  • Nancy Fowler 4 (daughter of William Earl Fowler & Martha O’Neal)
  • MaryAn Fowler 3 (daughter of William Earl Fowler & Martha O’Neal)
  • Texanna Fowler 1 month (daughter of William Earl Fowler & Martha O’Neal)
  • Mark Fowler 73 (son of John Fowler the Elder & Fannie)
  • Mary Ann O’Neal Fowler 34 (daughter of Barney O’Neal & Nancy)
  • Christian Fowler 16 (daughter of Mark Fowler & Mary Ann O’Neal)
  • Harriet Fowler 13 (daughter of Mark Fowler & Mary Ann O’Neal)
  • Andy Fowler 9 (son of Mark Fowler & Mary Ann O’Neal)
  • Noah Fowler 5 (daughter of Mark Fowler & Mary Ann O’Neal)
  • Thomas Fowler 3 (son of Mark Fowler & Mary Ann O’Neal)

The years in-between 1860 to 1870 brought many changes to these families.  Mark Fowler died, leaving Mary Ann O’Neal a widow who lived with her son Noah Fowler in 1870.  Mary Ann O’Neal Fowler and Noah lived next door to her daughter Harriet Fowler who had married James Powell, and their two young children.

William Earl Fowler had married Taylor Ann Harris and had begun a new family with her.  They had moved from the Kelton area to Gowdeysville north of the Pacolet River and what was later to become part of Cherokee County, SC.

Elizabeth O’Neal and Texanna Fowler are found in 1870 census records with Jack Willard, and a three year old Calvin WillardElizabeth and Texanna were recorded as Lizzie Willard and Texanna Willard.     

Bradley Sevier Johnson (1866-1919) was the son of Noble Perry Johnson (1826-1883) and Malinda E. Israel (1840–1895).  Noble Perry Johnson was the son of Hugh Johnson (1793-1876) and Sarah Lane Bradley (1793-1868).

Noble Perry Johnson was born in Henderson County, North Carolina and lived most of his life there.  He was included in the 1880 census in that county.  Noble Perry Johnson moved from North Carolina to Spartanburg County, South Carolina after 1880,and he died there in 1883.  He is buried in the Liberty United Methodist Church cemetery along with many other Johnsons.

The paths of Texanna Fowler and Bradley Sevier Johnson crossed sometime between 1880 and 1890, for they married circa 1890 and began their family:

  • Oliver Johnson 1892–1903
  • Roscoe Johnson 1894–1903
  • Beulah Johnson 1895–1896
  • Maggie Johnson 1896–1903
  • Chester Johnson 1899–1900
  • Hugh Johnson 1901–1903

Their last child, Hugh, was likely named after Bradley Johnson’s father, Hugh Johnson.

BS Johnson 1900.png

Bradley Sevier Johnson was a merchant in 1900 who owned his home free and clear.

1900 general merchandise.png

While researching the Pacolet River Flood of 1903, I stumbled upon a partial list of victims from Clifton who had perished in the flood.  The list included Mrs. S.B Johnson and four children.  Was this Texanna Fowler Johnson, wife of Bradley Sevier Johnson?

I discovered another list of victims from The History of Pacolet, Volume II, by Willie Fleming:

1903 victims.png

Mrs. B.S. Johnson (Texanna Fowler) had four living children prior to the 1903 flood, and two of her sons were named Oliver and Roscoe Johnson. I also read  that “Ben Johnson, a merchant of the settlement of Santuck, just below the No. 2 mill, drifted nine miles with his wife and two children, down to the raging Pacolet River on the roof of his house, only to see his family disappear over the Pacolet Mills dam in a swirling eddy.”

ben johnson.png

 from the article The Great Freshet of 1903 written by William M. Branham and published in the Sandlapper magazine Feb 1980.

Was this Bradley Sevier Johnson misidentified as Ben Johnson?

The following from 1904 Spartanburg Almanac, compiled by J.A. Gamewell and D.D.
Wallace, W.F. Barnes, Spartanburg 1904, pp. 7-15:

At Clifton No. 2 a large number of houses were built upon a beautiful plane on the right bank from ten to fifteen feet above the water and seventy-five yards in width. 400 yards lower down on the opposite side was another level plane that encircled by a sharp curve of the stream, where lay the section of the town known as Santuc. From these two flat places 60 houses were swept, and here occurred the great bulk of the fatalities. The drowned reaching the number of fifty. Here occurred some of the most pathetic scenes and some of the most thrilling escapes. Here, too, lived B. S. Johnson, who escaped from the raging flood after having been borne for several miles upon its bosom, but whose wife and five children were drowned. It was his little boy who floated on a piece of timber eight miles to Pacolet and disappeared in the waves fifteen feet high plunging over the dam and Shoals. 

There is no official or accurate death count from the great disaster of 1903, more than a few persons were reported dead even though they were alive and well, and many bodies were buried, mutilated and unidentified, many weeks later on the banks of the river where they had drifted miles and miles downstream.

I took all of this into account in determining the family of B.S. Johnson/S.B. Johnson/Ben Johnson and the four or five children swept to their early deaths along with their mother.  I also had the good luck to have found written records from family members who knew that Texanna Fowler had married Mr. Johnson, and that she and her children had died in the flood of 1903.

B. S. Johnson was Bradley Sevier Johnson.  Did he float down river with his family, or did he watch from the banks as they washed over the dam? It was reported that he watched as his family was tossed over the Clifton Dam to their deaths.

His wife was Texanna Fowler and the four children who drowned with her were  11 year old Oliver, 9 year old Roscoe, seven year old Maggie, and 2 year old Hugh.  The only body recovered was that of the youngest.  Hugh Johnson’s body was found ten miles downstream, washed ashore near Pacolet.

The two children who had died before the flood, one year old Beulah in 1896, and one year old Chester in 1900, had died far too young, but had escaped the horrendous death that their siblings would face in the rushing, muddy waters of 1903.

Beulah and Chester Johnson were buried at Liberty United Methodist Church near Spartanburg, SC in proximity of their grandfather Noble Perry Johnson.  From the inscriptions on their headstones, it is evident that they were very loved.

chester johnson




6 thoughts on “TEXANNA FOWLER b. 1860, Victim of the Pacolet River Flood of 1903

  1. Thank you for this. Bernard Samuel Johnson was my grandfather and I was looking for more information on the flood.


    1. Jennie, thanks so much for your comment. I had wondered if his second family was aware of the tragedy that befell his first wife and children. So glad you found my article about the flood. Deb Fowler


  2. Thank you so very much for printing this. Bernard Samuel Johnson was my father. (Jenny, who wrote to you previously, is my niece). My siblings and I had heard of the flood many times during our childhood. My grandfather, Bradley Sevier Johnson, died relatively young, and I have often wondered if enduring such a tragedy contributed to his early death. In 2010 my husband and I visited Clifton and found the grave of Hugh Johnson. It was a very emotional moment to see the names of the mother and children who had been lost. Until I read your article, I was unaware that my grandfather had two additional children, Beulah and Chester; I wonder now if my father knew, as he only ever mentioned the four children who perished in the flood. I am very grateful to you and thank you for so much information about my family. I will pass it down to my children and grandchildren.


    1. Thank you so very much for your comments! It is so nice to hear from someone who has found my research to be helpful. I had wondered if any of Bradley Sevier Johnson’s descendants were aware of the devastating flood that had taken the lives of his first wife Texanna Fowler and their children. It was such a tragic event and I think it’s important that we don’t forget the names of the victims. Much of my research is motivated by the need to remember our ancestors who came before us. If I can ever help you with your family research, please let me know. Thanks again for contacting me. Deb Fowler


  3. I wonder why Texanna was born in 1860 but listed as 32 in 1900. Maybe felt that age was none of census taker’s business? Anyway thank you for your hard work on Fowler family. Delilah Fowler is a ggg grandma of mine. Her husband William Whitlock’s father is a mystery to me.
    Kirk Whitlock


    1. HI Kirk, Thanks for readying my research and for your comments!! Texana was recorded as being one month old in July 1860, age 18 in 1880, and 32 in 1900. I do not think she was trying to deceive a census taker regarding her age. As a 40 year old woman, she was already considered an old woman (life spans were short). Most people did not know exactly when they were born. There were no birth or death certificates until 1915 in South Carolina. Most people could not read or write. Unless there was a family bible with accurate family information, there were no records. We did not know the exact year that my two maternal great grandmothers were born. Census records indicate conflicting dates of births for both women. We do know Texanna’s date of death only because we know the date of the flood. Her story is tragic and I think of her and her family often.
      Delilah Fowler and her siblings are also in my thoughts often. I strive to keep these people in our conscious thought. They deserve to be remembered.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s